Optimizing SharePoint Performance for Large Enterprises

Jul 10, 2024

<a href="https://www.ewrdigital.com/author/matt" target="_self">Matt Bertram</a>

Matt Bertram

Matt Bertram is a award-winning marketing consultant and SEO Expert. He is the lead digital strategist at EWR Digital. Host of the Best SEO Podcast and Co-Host of the Oil and Gas sales and marketing podcast.
optimize sharepoint
For large enterprises, maintaining optimal performance of a SharePoint environment is essential for ensuring smooth operations and user satisfaction. A well-optimized SharePoint environment can handle high traffic, support extensive data loads, and provide a seamless user experience. Here are some strategies and best practices to optimize SharePoint performance in large enterprises.

1. Plan Your Architecture Carefully

A robust and scalable architecture is the foundation of a high-performing SharePoint environment. Consider the following:

  • Farm Topology: Design a farm topology that suits your organization’s size and needs. For large enterprises, a multi-tier farm with separate servers for web front end, application, and database roles is recommended.
  • Database Optimization: Distribute content databases across multiple SQL Server instances and ensure each database is within recommended size limits (200 GB per content database).
  • Service Applications: Isolate heavy service applications like Search and User Profile Service onto dedicated servers to reduce load on the primary web front end servers.

2. Optimize SQL Server Performance

SQL Server is critical to SharePoint performance. Optimize it by:

  • Indexing: Regularly rebuild and reorganize indexes to improve query performance.
  • Maintenance Plans: Implement regular maintenance plans, including database integrity checks, statistics updates, and log backups.
  • Resource Allocation: Allocate sufficient CPU, memory, and storage resources to SQL Server. Consider using high-performance SSDs for SQL data files and TempDB.
  • TempDB Optimization: Configure multiple TempDB data files to improve performance and reduce contention.

3. Improve Web Front End (WFE) Performance

The web front end servers handle user requests. Optimize them by:

  • Load Balancing: Use a hardware or software load balancer to distribute traffic evenly across multiple WFE servers.
  • Caching: Enable output caching and object caching to reduce server load and improve response times.
  • Content Delivery Network (CDN): Utilize a CDN to serve static content (images, scripts, stylesheets) and reduce load on the WFE servers.

4. Enhance Search Performance

Search is a resource-intensive service. Optimize it by:

  • Scaling Out Search Components: Distribute search components (index, query, and crawl) across multiple servers.
  • Crawl Schedules: Schedule crawls during off-peak hours to minimize impact on user performance.
  • Search Index Partitioning: Partition the search index to distribute load and improve query performance.

5. Implement Efficient Customizations

Customizations can affect performance. Ensure they are efficient by:

  • SharePoint Framework (SPFx): Use SPFx for building client-side web parts and extensions, ensuring better performance and easier management.
  • Code Optimization: Optimize custom code for performance by minimizing server-side processing and using asynchronous operations.
  • Third-Party Solutions: Evaluate third-party solutions for performance impact before deployment.

6. Monitor and Analyze Performance

Regular monitoring and analysis help identify and resolve performance bottlenecks. Use these tools:

  • SharePoint Health Analyzer: Use built-in health rules to monitor the environment and identify potential issues.
  • SQL Server Profiler: Monitor and analyze SQL Server performance.
  • ULS Logs: Review Unified Logging Service (ULS) logs for detailed information on SharePoint operations and errors.
  • Performance Counters: Track key performance counters such as CPU usage, memory usage, and disk I/O on SharePoint and SQL Server.

7. Maintain Regular Updates and Patches

Keeping your SharePoint environment up to date with the latest updates and patches ensures optimal performance and security. Regularly:

  • Apply SharePoint Cumulative Updates: Install SharePoint cumulative updates to fix bugs and improve performance.
  • SQL Server Updates: Keep SQL Server up to date with the latest service packs and patches.
  • Windows Updates: Ensure all servers are running the latest Windows updates for performance and security enhancements.


Optimizing SharePoint performance for large enterprises requires careful planning, regular maintenance, and strategic use of resources. By implementing these best practices, you can ensure that your SharePoint environment is capable of handling high traffic, extensive data loads, and providing a seamless user experience. Start optimizing today to unlock the full potential of your SharePoint deployment.